Terpenes are volatile, aromatic molecules that announce the presence of marijuana. Odors emanating from fresh marijuana arise from the plant’s terpene and sesquiterpene content. Of the 200 terpenes and sesquiterpenes in cannabis, 100 are pharmacologically active and can act directly or indirectly to enhance or diminish the effects of cannabinoids.
This valuable knowledge can be put to good use recreationally, to provide enhanced relaxation. There is also a positive medical application that increases THC and CBD effectiveness in the treatment of pain, inflammation, mood, gastrointestinal disorders, and arthritis.
Some terpenes are pharmacologically active, ie, pinene is a bronchodilator, caryophyllene lowers blood pressure and increases the effects of CBD, limonene elevates mood and enhances the effects of THC; the complete list is extensive.
The importance of cannabis aging on terpene content is significant. Within seven days of harvesting, 50% of terpenes are lost to evaporation or oxidative degradation. Drying, curing, sunlight, oxygen, and temperature all contribute to the decline.
Over the subsequent 21 days, an additional 25% is lost to inadequate storage conditions, leaving only a quarter of the original plant terpenes remaining in most 30-day-old cannabis.
This challenge has been mulled over for years, during which time various methods have been explored to restore lost terpenes. None have been significantly successful. Terp Tips conducted trials to determine if there was a pharmacological difference between dry, aged Cannabis at 25% terpene and 100% terpene content. The trials showed the effect of THC was diminished at 25% terpene content but could be restored if the terpene profile was returned to its original concentration.
This outcome led to the development of a terpene delivery system using the principles of fluid dynamics and SolidWorks software. Airflow was modeled, then physically measured. The most efficient version which restores lost terpenes employs an ovoid intake, dual venturi, and a disc-shaped terpene dispenser. This design lowers combustion temperature upon inhalation. The dual venturi reduce inhaled vapor temperature by up to 80°C, which eases throat irritation and reduces coughing.